Everything you need to know about microloans

EU: Pros and Cons of loans

Microloans are a powerful tool to empower yourself. They must be used wisely, and in the European Union, loans need to be used with extra caution. In short, a microcredit is a short-term loan. They aim to support individuals who may have limited access to traditional banking services. But, granted, it is far from simple.

What it is

Microloans, aka microloans and microfinance, are short-term financial services provided to entrepreneurs, small businesses and individuals who need funds right now.

The main objective is to empower those who are financially marginalized, enabling them to start or expand their business, increase their income and generally improve their quality of life.

What you need to know

1. Loan size

Microcredit is characterized by not particularly large loan amounts. In the EU, these are usually between a few hundred and a few thousand euros. This makes them affordable for people with modest financial needs.

2. Short-term repayment

Unlike traditional loans, microloans often have a short repayment period. This allows borrowers to repay the loan quickly and promotes a continuous cycle of lending, empowering more people.

3. Collateral and credit history

Microcredit providers often do not require extensive collateral or a solid credit history. Thus, such financial services are more accessible to those who cannot afford a conventional loan due to the same credit history or age.

4. Interest rates

Although interest rates for microcredit can be higher than for conventional loans, they are usually justified given the high risk of the borrowers. However, the main purpose of microcredit is to provide financial support, not to maximize profits. The main thing is to apply to a reliable organization.

The role of credit in the EU

Microfinance programs

The European Union is actively promoting microfinance as a tool for social and economic development. There are various programs to support microcredit organizations and facilitate access to finance for individuals and small businesses. Among them, for example, is the rather well-known European Progress Microfinance Facility.

Role in entrepreneurship

Microcredit in the EU plays an important role in supporting entrepreneurship. They especially support women, immigrants and other members of groups subject to discrimination. These funds enable people to start their own businesses and thus contribute to job creation and economic growth.

Social impact

The point is not that microloans are beneficial for banks or for clients.  The main thing is that they allow to raise the standard of living and help certain categories of people with self-sufficiency. The further the financial system in Europe develops, the more accessible microcredits become for ordinary people.

What is the problem

Regulatory issues

EU banks offering microcredit face regulatory challenges. In particular, differences in regulations across EU member states can affect the availability and uniformity of microfinance services. Simply put, due to different legislation, microcredit will have different characteristics in different countries.


On the one hand, microcredit is beneficial for both financial institutions and clients. On the other hand, it is sometimes quite a big risk for both parties. It is important to properly assess your risks and responsibly choose the bank where you want to use this service.

The integration of mobile banking and digital platforms can simplify the process of providing microcredit in the future, making it more efficient and accessible to a wider audience.


Microloans in the EU are quite profitable. They provide access to more money for those who cannot use a traditional loan. However, they should be used with caution, as credit is always a risk, and microcredit has a short repayment period.

As the eurozone banking system develops, microcredit is becoming more accessible and safer, so it is important and useful to be familiar with the basics.


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